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Cable News Network (CNN) is a U.S. cable news channel founded in 1980 by American media mogul and philanthropist Ted Turner.[1][2] Upon its launch, CNN was the first channel to provide 24-hour television news coverage,[3] and the first all-news television channel in the United States.[4] While the news channel has numerous affiliates, CNN primarily broadcasts from its headquarters at the CNN Center in Atlanta, the Time Warner Center in New York City, and studios in Washington, D.C., and Los Angeles. CNN is owned by parent company Time Warner, and the U.S. news channel is a division of the Turner Broadcasting System.[5]

CNN is sometimes referred to as CNN/U.S. to distinguish the American channel from its international counterpart, CNN International. As of August 2010, CNN is available in over 100 million U.S. households.[6] Broadcast coverage extends to over 890,000 American hotel rooms,[6] and the U.S broadcast is also shown in Canada. Globally, CNN programming airs through CNN International, which can be seen by viewers in over 212 countries and territories.[7] Starting late 2010, the domestic version CNN/U.S., is available in high definition to viewers in Japan under the name CNN HD.

ContentsEdit

[hide] *1 History

HistoryEdit

Early historyEdit

Main article: History of CNN (1980–2003)CNN's first broadcast with David Walker and Lois Hart on June 1, 1980.The Cable News Network was launched at 5:00 p.m. EST on Sunday June 1, 1980. After an introduction by Ted Turner, the husband and wife team of David Walker and Lois Hart anchored the first newscast.[8] Burt Reinhardt, the then executive vice president of CNN, hired most of CNN's first 200 employees, including the network's first news anchor, Bernard Shaw.[9]

Since its debut, CNN has expanded its reach to a number of cable and satellite television companies, several websites, and specialized closed-circuit channels (such as CNN Airport Network). The company has 36 bureaus (10 domestic, 26 international), more than 900 affiliated local stations, and several regional and foreign-language networks around the world. The channel's success made a bona-fide mogul of founder Ted Turner and set the stage for the Time Warner conglomerate's eventual acquisition of Turner Broadcasting.

A companion channel, CNN2, was launched on January 1, 1982 and featured a continuous 24-hour cycle of 30-minute news broadcasts. The channel, which later became known as "CNN Headline News" and then simply "HLN", eventually focused on live news coverage supplemented by personality-based programs during the evening and primetime hours.

Major eventsEdit

[1][2]Replica of the newsroom at CNN Center.====Challenger disaster==== On January 28, 1986, CNN carried the only live television coverage of the launch and subsequent explosion of Space Shuttle Challenger, which killed the seven crew members.

Baby Jessica rescueEdit

On October 14, 1987, an 18-month-old toddler named Jessica McClure fell down a well in Midland, Texas. CNN was quickly on the spot, and the event helped make their name. The New York Times ran a retrospective article in 1995 on the impact of live video news. "If a picture is worth a thousand words, then a moving picture is worth many times that, and a live moving picture makes an emotional connection that goes deeper than logic and lasts well beyond the actual event. This was before correspondents reported live from the enemy capital while American bombs were falling. Before Saddam Hussein held a surreal press conference with a few of the hundreds of Americans he was holding hostage. Before the nation watched, riveted but powerless, as Los Angeles was looted and burned. Before O. J. Simpson took a slow ride in a white Bronco, and before everyone close to his case had an agent and a book contract. This was uncharted territory just a short time ago."[10]

Gulf WarEdit

The first Persian Gulf War in 1991 was a watershed event for CNN that catapulted the channel past the "big three" American networks for the first time in its history, largely due to an unprecedented, historical scoop: CNN was the only news outlet with the ability to communicate from inside Iraq during the initial hours of the Coalition bombing campaign, with live reports from the al-Rashid Hotel in Baghdad by reporters Bernard Shaw, John Holliman, and Peter Arnett. [3][4]Operation Desert Storm as captured live on a CNN night vision camera with reporters narrating.The moment when bombing began was announced on CNN by Bernard Shaw on January 16, 1991 as follows:[11]

This is Bernie Shaw. Something is happening outside...Peter Arnett, join me here. Let's describe to our viewers what we're seeing...The skies over Baghdad have been illuminated...We're seeing bright flashes going off all over the sky.

CNN's coverage of the initial hours of the Gulf War was carried by TV stations and networks around the world, resulting in CNN being watched by over a billion viewers worldwide—a feat that led to the subsequent creation of CNN International.

The Gulf War experience brought CNN some much sought-after legitimacy and made household names of previously obscure reporters. Many of these reporters now comprise CNN's "old guard." Bernard Shaw became CNN's chief anchor until his retirement in 2001. Others include then-Pentagon correspondent Wolf Blitzer (now host of The Situation Room) and international correspondent Christiane Amanpour. Amanpour's presence in Iraq was caricatured by actress Nora Dunn as the ruthless reporter "Adriana Cruz" in the film Three Kings (1999). Time Warner later produced a television movie, Live from Baghdad, about the channel's coverage of the first Gulf War, which aired on HBO.

CNN effectEdit

Coverage of the first Gulf War and other crises of the early 1990s (particularly the infamous Battle of Mogadishu) led officials at the Pentagon to coin the term "the CNN effect" to describe the perceived impact of real time, 24-hour news coverage on the decision-making processes of the American government.

September 11 attacksEdit

[5][6]CNN breaking the news about the September 11 attacks.CNN was the first cable news channel to break the news of the September 11 attacks.[12] Anchor Carol Lin was on the air to deliver the first public report of the event. She broke into a commercial at 8:49 a.m. ET and said:

This just in. You are looking at obviously a very disturbing live shot there. That is the World Trade Center, and we have unconfirmed reports this morning that a plane has crashed into one of the towers of the World Trade Center. CNN Center right now is just beginning to work on this story, obviously calling our sources and trying to figure out exactly what happened, but clearly something relatively devastating happening this morning there on the south end of the island of Manhattan. That is once again, a picture of one of the towers of the World Trade Center.

Sean Murtagh, CNN vice-president of finance and administration, was the first network employee on the air. He called into CNN Center from his office at CNN New York bureau and said that a commercial jet hit the Trade Center.[13]

Daryn Kagan and Leon Harris were live on the air just after 9 a.m. ET as the second plane hit the World Trade Center and through an interview with CNN correspondent David Ensor, reported the news that U.S. officials determined "that this is a terrorist act."[14] Later, Aaron Brown anchored through the day and night as the attacks unfolded. Brown had just come to CNN from ABC to be the breaking news anchor.

Paula Zahn assisted in the September 11, 2001, coverage on her first day as a CNN reporter, a fact that she mentioned as a guest clue presenter on a 2005 episode of Jeopardy!

CNN has made archival files of much of the day's broadcast available in five segments plus an overview.

2008 U.S. electionEdit

[7][8]The stage for the second 2008 CNN-YouTube presidential debate.Leading up to the 2008 U.S. presidential election, CNN devoted large amounts of coverage to politics, including hosting candidate debates during the Democratic and Republican primary seasons. On June 3 and June 5, CNN teamed up with Saint Anselm College to sponsor the New Hampshire Republican and Democratic Debates.[15] Later in 2007, the channel hosted the first CNN-YouTube presidential debates, a non-traditional format where viewers were invited to pre-submit questions over the internet via the YouTube video-sharing service.[16] In 2008, CNN partnered with The Los Angeles Times to host two primary debates leading up to its coverage of Super Tuesday.[17] CNN's debate and election night coverage led to its highest ratings of the year, with January 2008 viewership averaging 1.1 million viewers, a 41% increase over the previous year.[17]

2012 U.S. electionEdit

CNN again devoted large amounts of coverage to the 2012 US Presidential campaign. One of its reporters, Candy Crowley, acted as moderator for one of the three debates between Mitt Romney and Barack Obama. Some conservatives viewed her as overly partisan/biased due to her attempts at correcting statements by both candidates on the 2012 Benghazi consulate attack. [18]

ProgrammingEdit

Current showsEdit

WeekdaysEdit

EST Program Host(s) Location Description
5a-7a Early Start John Berman and Zoraida Sambolin New York An early morning news show.
7a-9a Starting Point Soledad O'Brien The channel's morning news program.
9a-11a CNN Newsroom Carol Costello Atlanta A daily look at what's making news.
11a-12p Ashleigh Banfield New York
12p-1p Newsroom International Suzanne Malveaux Atlanta CNN's international news program.
1p-2p CNN Newsroom A daily look at what's making news.
2p-4p Brooke Baldwin
4p-7p[19] The Situation Room Wolf Blitzer Washington D.C. Daily headline stories focusing on politics, homeland security and human interest stories.
7p-8p Erin Burnett OutFront Erin Burnett New York A discussion of the day's top news with journalists and contributors.[20]
8p-9p Anderson Cooper 360° Anderson Cooper Nightly news and talk, series-documentary program
9p-10p Piers Morgan Tonight Piers Morgan Nightly interview program,[21] simulcast to CNN International
10p-11p Anderson Cooper 360° (repeat) Anderson Cooper Nightly news and talk, series-documentary program

SaturdayEdit

EST Program Host(s) Location Description
6a-7:30a Early Start Weekend Randi Kaye Atlanta A look ahead at the day's top news and events.
7:30a-9:30a CNN Saturday Morning
9:30a-10a Your Bottom Line Christine Romans New York A personal finance show with a focus on the viewer's bottom line.
10a-12p CNN Newsroom Randi Kaye Atlanta Updates of the latest news around the world.
12p-1p Fredricka Whitfield
1p-2p Your $$$ Ali Velshi New York Breaks down the business news of the week and shows the viewer how it impacts their bottom line.
2p-4:30p CNN Newsroom Fredricka Whitfield Atlanta Updates of the latest news around the world.
4:30p-5p Sanjay Gupta MD Dr. Sanjay Gupta Tune in for a 30-minute medical news program with CNN's Dr. Sanjay Gupta.
5p-6p CNN Newsroom Don Lemon Updates of the latest news around the world.
6p-7p The Situation Room Wolf Blitzer Washington D.C. Weekly look at political news
7p-8p CNN Newsroom Don Lemon Atlanta Updates of the latest news around the world.
8p-9p CNN Special Investigations Unit / CNN Presents / Other specials Various special programming
9p-10p Piers Morgan Tonight Piers Morgan New York Nightly interview program, simulcast to CNN International
10p-11p CNN Newsroom Don Lemon Atlanta Updates of the latest news around the world.

SundayEdit

EST Program Host(s) Location Description
6a-7:30a Early Start Weekend Randi Kaye Atlanta A look ahead at the day's top news and events.
7:30a-8a Sanjay Gupta MD (repeat) Dr. Sanjay Gupta Tune in for a 30-minute medical news program with CNN's Dr. Sanjay Gupta.
8a-9a CNN Sunday Morning Randi Kaye A look ahead at the day's top news and events.
9a-10a State of the Union with Candy Crowley Candy Crowley Washington D.C. The people and issues driving politics in a way we can all relate to and understand.
10a-11a Fareed Zakaria GPS Fareed Zakaria New York Takes a comprehensive look at foreign affairs and the policies shaping our world.
11a-12p Reliable Sources Howard Kurtz Washington D.C. Critical look at the media issues
12p-1p State of the Union with Candy Crowley (repeat) Candy Crowley The people and issues driving politics in a way we can all relate to and understand.
1p-2p Fareed Zakaria GPS (repeat) Fareed Zakaria New York Takes a comprehensive look at foreign affairs and the policies shaping our world.
2p-2:30p The Next List Dr. Sanjay Gupta Atlanta Dr. Sanjay Gupta explores the latest in ideas and innovation that are pushing the boundaries of technology, education, entertainment, the arts and the natural sciences.
2:30p-3p CNN Newsroom Fredricka Whitfield Updates of the latest news around the world.
3p-4p Your $$$ (repeat) Ali Velshi New York Breaks down the business news of the week and shows the viewer how it impacts their bottom line.
4p-6p CNN Newsroom Fredricka Whitfield Atlanta Updates of the latest news around the world.
6p-8p Don Lemon
8p-9p State of the Union with Candy Crowley / CNN Special Investigations Unit / CNN Presents Various special programming
9p-10p Piers Morgan Tonight Piers Morgan New York Nightly interview program
10p-11p CNN Newsroom Don Lemon Atlanta Updates of the latest news around the world.

On-air presentationEdit

In December 2008, CNN introduced its new graphics package, a comprehensive redesign replacing the existing style that had been used since 2004.[22] The design replaced the scrolling ticker that had been in use since 2001. Also, since March 1, 2009, the redundant CNN HD logo has been missing from the bottom left corner of the screen. CNN's new graphic design is similar to its sister channel, CNN International. The CNN logo itself has remained relatively unchanged since the channel's launch, except that it was originally displayed in yellow.

On January 10, 2011, CNN introduced its most recent graphics package, in conjunction with the network-wide switch to a 16:9 letterbox format from 4:3. Both of CNN's standard-definition and high-definition feeds now carry the same 16:9 format; however, video footage broadcast in standard-definition on either feed is not pillarboxed, resulting in black bars on the top and bottom of the screen as well as the left and right. World Business Today and World One, which both began to be simulcast from CNN International on January 17, 2011, are however both broadcast in the 4:3 picture format on the CNN SD feed.

Former programsEdit

Program Terms Description
Both Sides with Jesse Jackson 1992–2000 A political talk show, hosted by civil rights leader and two-time presidential candidate Jesse Jackson, that aired Sundays. Each program began with a short taped report on the topic by CNN Correspondent John Bisney. The show ran from 1992 to 2000.[23]
Capital Gang 1988–2005 One of cable news' longest running programs, focusing on discussion of the political news of the week. The original panelists were Pat Buchanan, Al Hunt, Mark Shields and Robert Novak. When Buchanan left CNN to run for president, Margaret Warner, Mona Charen and later Margaret Carlson and Kate O'Beirne became regular panelists. Capital Gang aired Saturday nights at 7PM eastern from 1988 to 2005.
Crossfire 1982–2005 A political "debate" program, anchored by hosts from left-wing and right-wing ideologies, that aired during prime time and daytime until mid-2005. Originally hosted by Tom Braden and Pat Buchanan, other hosts included Robert Novak, Michael Kinsley, John H. Sununu, Bill Press, Geraldine Ferraro, Mary Matalin, Tucker Carlson, James Carville and Paul Begala.
Evans and Novak Saturday night political interview program with Rowland Evans and Robert Novak. The name changed to Evans, Novak, Hunt & Shields in 1998 when Al Hunt and Mark Shields became permanent panelists. When Evans died in 2001, the name changed to Novak, Hunt & Shields for its final year on CNN.
Next@CNN 2002–2005 A scientific and technology oriented program hosted by Daniel Sieberg. Aired on weekends.
Inside Politics A political program that aired Monday through Friday from 3:30PM to 5PM eastern. Replaced by The Situation Room in 2005.
Wolf Blitzer Reports 2001–2005 A daily look at the day's stories that aired live from Washington at 5PM eastern. Replaced by The Situation Room in 2005.
NewsNight with Aaron Brown 2001–2005 A hard-news program anchored by Aaron Brown which took an in-depth look at the main U.S. and international stories of the day. Was axed from CNN's schedule on Saturday, November 5, 2005, leading to Brown's immediate resignation from CNN.
CNN Daybreak A first look at the day's stories that aired live from New York City at 5AM eastern.
CNN Sports Sunday Co-anchored by Bob Kurtz and Nick Charles.
Connie Chung Tonight 2002–2003 Hosted by Connie Chung. Cancelled in March 2003.
Freeman Reports One of the original programs from 1980. Host Sonja Freeman interviewed guests and took live telephone call-ins regarding current news events and other topics of interest. For a brief period, the program featured a live audience in Atlanta. Freeman's former time slot is now occupied by Larry King.
People Now Another original program. Host Lee Leonard interviewed celebrities and discussed entertainment news in a one hour program live from the CNN Los Angeles bureau. Leonard was replaced by Mike Douglas, who himself was replaced by Bill Tush in December 1982.
Pinnacle with Tom Cassidy Unknown–2004 Business news and leaders.
Computer Connection Technological issues.
Future Watch Technological issues.
Science and Technology Week Unknown–2001[24] Weekly half hour featuring scientific and technology reports and comments on the week's news on those subjects. Anchored most recently by Miles O'Brien.
Your Health Health news.
Style with Elsa Klensch Weekly half hour show on Saturday mornings that featured news on style and fashion.
TalkBack Live 1994–2003 A call-in talk show with a live audience hosted most recently by Arthel Neville.
On The Story Unknown–2006 CNN's interactive "week-in-review" series featuring an in-depth look at the story behind some of the week's biggest stories. Anchored by Ali Velshi. However, the show was suspended in June 2006, then later cancelled in July 2006.
Burden of Proof 1995–2001 A show that discussed the legal issues of the day, hosted by Greta Van Susteren and Roger Cossack.
Newsstand 1999–2001 News magazine.
Newshour Daily news.
Sonya / Sonya Live In L.A. 1987–1994 A weekday call-in show airing at 1PM eastern in the late 1980s and early 1990s hosted by Dr. Sonya Friedman.
CNN Live Today 2001–2006 Daily look at what's making the news, airing live from Atlanta Monday through Friday at 10AM eastern. Anchored by Daryn Kagan.
Live From... A lively look at the day's stories airing live from Atlanta at 1PM easterm. Anchored by Kyra Phillips.
CNN Live Saturday / CNN Live Sunday A look at what's making the news on the weekends, airing live from Atlanta. Anchored by Fredricka Whitfield 12PM to 6PM eastern and Carol Lin 6PM to 11PM eastern. Replaced in 2006 by CNN Newsroom Weekend.
CNN Saturday Night / CNN Sunday Night The channel's weekend evening news program, airing at 6PM eastern and 10PM eastern. Anchored by Carol Lin. Replaced in 2006 by CNN Newsroom Weekend.
People in the News Unknown–2005 CNN's feature-format program with People Magazine profiling newsmakers from politics, sports, business, medicine and entertainment. The program aired on the weekend and was first hosted by Daryn Kagan and later by Paula Zahn.
Diplomatic License 1994–2006 Weekly program on CNNI hosted by Richard Roth, focusing on the United Nations.
Global View 1994–1999 International policy interview show hosted by world affairs correspondent Ralph Begleiter, aired weekly on CNN classic (1994–1995) and CNN International (1994–1999). Program began with Begleiter package on subject, followed by lengthy interview with international figure and ended with brief "Reporter's Notebook" segment featuring insider tidbits from the host's extensive travel covering global politics. Produced by Pam Benson with Joann Sierra.
Live From The Headlines 2003 Was Paula Zahn's prime-time show after moving from her morning slot,[25] airing from 7PM to 9PM eastern and later co-hosted by Anderson Cooper; replaced by Paula Zahn Now in 2003.
Paula Zahn Now 2003–2007 Was a look at the current issues affecting the world, with former CBS and Fox News anchor Paula Zahn. Last broadcast was on Thursday, August 2, 2007.
CNN Tonight 2001 Anchored by Bill Hemmer at 10PM eastern and Catherine Callaway at 1AM eastern/10PM pacific. Brought back in late 2009 to replace Lou Dobbs Tonight as a placeholder until new programming debuts in 2010.
First Evening News 2001 Bill Hemmer anchors half-hour news show at 6PM in June or 7PM in July to September 10.
The Spin Room 2001 Tucker Carlson and Bill Press host a political talk show that aired at 10:30PM eastern.
Greenfield At Large 2001–2002 Anchored by Jeff Greenfield in New York City that aired Monday through Friday at 10:30PM eastern.
CNN NewsSite 2001 Anchored by Joie Chen from Atlanta that aired Monday through Friday at 4PM eastern. Integrated the news and internet.
The Point with Greta Van Susteren 2001–2002 Primetime news and interviews. Canceled when Greta Van Susteren moved to Fox News.
Ballot Bowl 2008 Election news in 2008.
Lou Dobbs This Week
Lou Dobbs Tonight 1980–2009 Anchored by Lou Dobbs, the program originally aired as Moneyline before re-launching as Lou Dobbs Tonight in 2003.
Campbell Brown 2008–2010 A political debate show hosted by Campbell Brown. Ended after Brown resigned from CNN.
Rick's List 2010 Anchored by Rick Sanchez, the host would discuss the day's news with viewers via social networking sites such as Facebook and Twitter. Sanchez was fired from the channel after making controversial statements on a radio show (see Controversy for further details).
Larry King Live 1985–2010 Hosted by Larry King, it was the most watched (and longest running) program on CNN, with over one million viewers nightly.[26]
In the Arena 2010–2011 Originally titled Parker Spitzer and hosted by Kathleen Parker and Elliot Spitzer, it was a program that discussed the day's news with top journalists and contributors.
John King, USA 2010–2012 A program that discussed the day's political news. John pulled back the curtain on Washington, cuts through the partisan noise and gets to the bottom of stories that affect the viewer.

StaffEdit

Main article: List of CNN anchorsOn July 27, 2012, CNN's current president Jim Walton announced he is quitting at CNN after working there over 30 years. He will remain with the network until the end of the year.[27] Anderson Cooper, anchor of AC 360°[9][10]Richard Quest, London-based correspondent===Political contributors===

Liberals:

Conservatives:

Political analystsEdit

High definitionEdit

[11][12]American Morning on CNN HD with the 2004–2008 graphics package.CNN HD is a 1080i high definition simulcast of CNN that launched in September 2007.[28] All studio shows are aired in HD, as well as special events.

Starting late 2010, the domestic version CNN/U.S., is available in high definition to viewers in Japan under the name CNN HD. If this is a one-off case or the beginning of an international roll-out of CNN HD with more countries to come is unclear.

Formerly during American Morning, CNN HD viewers saw weather forecasts in graphic form on the sides of the screen (American cities on the right, and cities outside of the U.S. on the left). This feature was removed in November 2009.

The documentary Planet in Peril was CNN's first documentary program produced in HD, followed by Black in America (Its sequel Black in America 2 also aired in HD). Its spinoff Latino in America was also in HD. CNN HD also used to display a CNN HD logo (the normal CNN logo with the letters HD in a different, gray colored font next to it) on the bottom left corner of the screen. It was last used on February 28, 2009.

Special eventsEdit

All special events are aired in full HD. During primary and caucus nights, America Votes 2008 was produced in complete HD with Wolf Blitzer anchoring from CNN's main New York studio which was renamed the CNN Election Center. During this time, CNN HD viewers got additional information on the side of their TV screens such as poll numbers, charts and graphs. This also happened for the 2008 Democratic National Convention, the 2008 Republican National Convention, the 2008 United States Presidential Debates, the 2008 United States Vice Presidential Debate and the 2008 Election Daycoverage on November 4, all of which were also shot in HD. Other special events such as Presidential speeches and press conferences are aired in HD. [13][14]The CNN Election Express bus, used for HD broadcasts.CNN's political coverage in HD was given mobility by the introduction of the CNN Election Express bus in October 2007. The Election Express vehicle, capable of five simultaneous HD feeds, was used for the channel's CNN-YouTube presidential debates and for presidential candidate interviews.[29]

CoverageEdit

Initial carriage of CNN HD on cable and satellite systems was limited. DirecTV was the first provider to carry it, adding it mid-September 2007.[28] By June 2008, Comcast, Time Warner Cable, Cox Communications, AT&T U-verse, Rogers Cable, Midcontinent Communications, Bright House Networks, and Dish Network launched carriage of CNN HD.[30][31] Verizon is currently in the process of adding CNN HD to its FiOS service on a market by market basis.[32][33] CNN is also rebroadcast during the Caribbean Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) mid-day and evening news in Barbados.

Other platformsEdit

OnlineEdit

[15][16]International version in April 2011CNN debuted its news website CNN.com (initially an experiment known as CNN Interactive) on August 30, 1995. The site attracted growing interest over its first decade and is now one of the most popular news websites in the world. The widespread growth of blogs, social media and user-generated content have influenced the site, and blogs in particular have focused CNN's previously scattershot online offerings, most noticeably in the development and launch of CNN Pipeline in late 2005.

In April 2009, CNN.com ranked third place among online global news sites in unique users in the U.S. according to Nielsen/NetRatings; with an increase of 11% over the previous year.[34]

CNN Pipeline was the name of a paid subscription service, its corresponding website, and a content delivery client that provided streams of live video from up to four sources (or "pipes"), on-demand access to CNN stories and reports, and optional pop-up "news alerts" to computer users. The installable client was available to users of PCs running Microsoft Windows. There was also a browser-based "web client" that did not require installation. In July 2007 the service was discontinued and replaced with a free streaming service.

The now-defunct topical news-program Judy Woodruff's Inside Politics was the first CNN program to feature a round-up of blogs in 2005.[35] Blog coverage was expanded when Inside Politics was folded into The Situation Room. In 2006 CNN launched CNN Exchange and CNN iReport, initiatives designed to further introduce and centralize the impact of everything from blogging to citizen journalism within the CNN brand. CNN iReport which features user-submitted photos and video, has achieved considerable traction, with increasingly professional-looking reports filed by amateur journalists, many still in high school or college. The iReport gained more prominence when observers of the Virginia Tech Shootings sent-in first hand photos of what was going during the shootings.[36]

As of early 2008, CNN maintains a free live broadcast.[37] CNN International is broadcast live, as part of the RealNetworks SuperPass subscription outside US. CNN also offers several RSS feeds and podcasts.

On April 18, 2008 CNN.com was targeted by Chinese hackers in retaliation for the channel's coverage on the 2008 Tibetan unrest. CNN reported that they took preventative measures after news broke of the impending attack.[38][39]

The company was honored at the 2008 Technology & Engineering Emmy Awards for development and implementation of an integrated and portable IP-based live, edit and store-and-forward digital news gathering (DNG) system.[40] The first use of what would later win CNN this award was in April 2001 when CNN correspondent Lisa Rose Weaver[41] covered, and were detained,[42] for the release of the U.S. Navy crew of a damaged electronic surveillance plane after the Hainan Island incident. The technology consisted of a videophone produced by 7E Communications Ltd of London, UK.[43] This DNG workflow is used today by the network to receive material world wide using an Apple MacBook Pro, various prosumer and professional digital cameras, software from Streambox Inc., and BGAN terminals from Hughes Network Systems.

On October 24, 2009 CNN launched a new version of their CNN.com website, revamping it adding a new "sign up" option where users may create their own user name, a new "CNN Pulse" (beta) feature along with a new red color theme.[44] However, most of the news archived on the website has been deleted.

CNN also has a channel in the popular video-sharing site YouTube, but its videos can only be viewed in the United States, a source of criticism among YouTube users worldwide.

In April 2010, CNN announced via Twitter its upcoming food blog called "Eatocracy," in which it will "cover all news related to food – from recalls to health issues to culture."[45]

CNN had an internet relay chat (IRC) network at chat.cnn.com. CNN placed a live chat with Benjamin Netanyahu on the network in 1998.[46]

FilmsEdit

CNN reported in October 2012 that the network formed CNN Films to distribute and produce made-for-TV and feature documentaries. Its first acquisition was a documentary entitled Girl Rising, a Meryl Streep-narrated documentary on the struggles of girls' education.[47]

Specialized channelsEdit

See also: Specialty channelCNN en Español televised debate for the 2005 Chilean elections.[17][18]Post production editing offices in Atlanta.*CNN Airport Network

Former channelsEdit

ExperimentsEdit

CNN launched two specialty news channels for the American market which would later close amid competitive pressure: CNNSI shut down in 2002, and CNNfn shut down after nine years on the air in December 2004. CNN and Sports Illustrated's partnership continues today online at CNNSI.com. CNN's former website now redirects to money.cnn.com, a product of CNN's strategic partnership with Money magazine. Money and SI are both properties of Time Warner, along with CNN.

==Bureaus==

[19][20]CNN bureau locations[21][22]The CNN Center in Atlanta[23][24]CNN in New York CityCNN Center studios:Note: Boldface indicates that they are CNN's original bureaus, meaning they have been in operation since CNN's founding.

United StatesEdit

WorldwideEdit

Many of the following bureaus have been closed or—due to the financial crisis—their budget cut:

In parts of the world without a CNN bureau, the network will use local affiliate station reports which will be used to file a story.

ControversyEdit

Main article: CNN controversiesIn a joint study by the Joan Shorenstein Center on Press, Politics and Public Policy at Harvard University and the Project for Excellence in Journalism, the authors found disparate treatment by the three major cable channels of Republican and Democratic candidates during the earliest five months of presidential primaries in 2007: "The CNN programming studied tended to cast a negative light on Republican candidates—by a margin of three-to-one. Four-in-ten stories (41%) were clearly negative while just 14% were positive and 46% were neutral. The network provided negative coverage of all three main candidates with McCain faring the worst (63% negative) and Romney faring a little better than the others only because a majority of his coverage was neutral. It's not that Democrats, other than Obama, fared well on CNN either. Nearly half of the Illinois Senator's stories were positive (46%), vs. just 8% that were negative. But both Clinton and Edwards ended up with more negative than positive coverage overall. So while coverage for Democrats overall was a bit more positive than negative, that was almost all due to extremely favorable coverage for Obama."[51]

CNN has been accused of perpetrating media bias for allegedly promoting both a conservative and a liberal agenda based on previous incidents. Accuracy in Media and the Media Research Center have claimed that CNN's reporting contains liberal editorializing within news stories.[52][53]

CNN is one of the world's largest news organizations, and its international channel, CNN International is the leading international news channel in terms of viewer reach.[54][55] Unlike the BBC and its network of reporters and bureaus, CNN International makes extensive use of affiliated reporters that are local to, and often directly affected by, the events they are reporting. The effect is a more immediate, less detached style of on-the-ground coverage. This has done little to stem criticism, largely from Middle Eastern nations, that CNN International reports news from a pro-American perspective. This is a marked contrast to domestic criticisms that often portray CNN as having a "liberal" or "anti-American" bias. In 2002, Honest Reporting spearheaded a campaign to expose CNN for pro-Palestinian bias, citing public remarks in which Ted Turner equated Palestinian suicide bombing with Israeli military strikes.[56]

Chicago Sun-Times. June 5, 2007. As said by Ted Turner, founder of CNN, "There really isn't much of a point getting some Tom, Dick or Harry off the streets to report on when we can snag a big name whom everyone identifies with. After all, it's all part of the business." However, in April 2008, Turner criticized the direction CNN has taken.[57] Others have echoed that criticism, especially in light of CNN's drop in the ratings.

On April 24, 2008 beautician Liang Shubing and teacher Li Lilan sued commentator Jack Cafferty and CNN $1.3 billion damages ($1 per person in China), in New York, for "violating the dignity and reputation of the Chinese people". This was in response to an incident during CNN's "The Situation Room" on April 9, where Cafferty stated his opinion that "[the USA] continue to import their junk with the lead paint on them and the poisoned pet food" despite his view that "[the Chinese leaders were] basically the same bunch of goons and thugs they've been for the last 50 years". Further, amid China's Foreign Ministry demand for an apology, 14 lawyers filed a similar suit in Beijing.[58][59]

In June 2009, musician M.I.A. stated she did an hour-long interview with CNN condemning the mass bombing and Tamil civilian fatalities at the hands of Government forces in Sri Lanka in 16 weeks the same year, "and they cut it down to one minute and made it about my single Paper Planes. When I went to the Grammys, I saw the same reporter from CNN, and I was like, "Why did you do that?" And she said, "Because you used the G-word."" "Genocide. I guess you’re not allowed to say that on CNN," raising questions concerning CNN's coverage and commitment to free speech.[60][61]

On November 11, 2009, longtime CNN anchor Lou Dobbs resigned on air after discussions with CNN President Jonathan Klein, who had agreed to a release from his contract "that will enable me to pursue new opportunities." He had previously expressed to Klein that he wished to go "the opinion route". Dobbs' advocacy journalism style coverage of immigration, Obama birthers and free trade topics has attracted controversy both to him and to CNN.[62][63]

On July 7, 2010, Octavia Nasr, senior Middle East editor and a CNN journalist for 20 years, was fired after she expressed on her Twitter account admiration for a liberal-minded Muslim cleric who had recently died, casting doubts on the company's commitment to freedom of speech.[64]

On October 1, 2010, CNN anchor Rick Sanchez was fired after remarks he made during an interview with comedian Pete Dominick at a radio show the previous day about prejudices he faced during his television career, at CNN and jokes about him by comedian Jon Stewart. Calling him a "bigot" before retracting this and describing him instead as "prejudiced" and "uninformed", the interviewer invoked Stewart's faith as an example of how Stewart was "a minority as much as you are". Sanchez stated his view that Jewish people were not an oppressed minority in America, and his view that "everybody that runs CNN is a lot like Stewart" before stating "And a lot of people who run all the other networks are a lot like Stewart."[65]

See alsoEdit

[25] Television in the United States portal
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CNNEdit

AMNN is based on CNN

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